"O Allah! We seek goodness from Your Knowledge and with Your Power (and Might) We seek strength, and We ask from You Your Great Blessings, because You have the Power and We do not have the power. You Know everything and I do not know, and You have knowledge of the unseen. Oh Allah! If in Your Knowledge this action (We are about to take) is better for my religion and faith, for our life and end [death], for here [in this world] and the hereafter then make it destined for us and make it easy for us and then add blessings [baraka'] in it, for us. O Allah! In Your Knowledge if this action is bad for us, bad for our religion and faith, for our life and end [death], for here [in this world] and the hereafter then turn it away from us and turn us away from it and whatever is better for us, ordain [destine] that for us and then make us satisfied with it."
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Importance of a good shaykh by Shaykh Abd'al-Qadir al-Jilani Radi Allahu anhu
Al Ghawth al-Adham Shaykh Sayyad Abd'al-Qadir al-Jilani Radi 'Allahu anhu said: You must work hard to ensure that your hearts are not locked out of the door of His nearness. Be sensible! You are getting nowhere. You must seek the company of a Shaykh who is learned in the law [hukm] and knowledge ['ilm] of Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He), and who will show you the way toward Him. Without seeing the successful [muflih], one cannot succeed. If a person does not seek the company of scholars who put their knowledge into practice ['ulama 'ummal], he is a chicken from an egg abandoned by the rooster and the mother hen.
Seek the fellowship of those who enjoy fellowship with the Lord of Truth (Almighty and Glorious is He). What each of you should do, when the night has grown dark and people have gone to bed and their voices are silent, is get up, take an ablution [yatawadda'], perform two cycles of ritual prayer [yusalli rak'atain] and say: "O my Lord, guide me to one of Your righteous servants near to You, so that he may guide me toward You and make me familiar with Your path." The instrument [sabab] is necessary. Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He) was quite capable of guiding [His servants] to Him without the Prophets [anbiya']. Be sensible! You are getting nowhere. You must awaken from your heedless folly. As the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam has said: If someone relies entirely on his own subjective judgement, he will go astray. Try to find someone who will be a mirror for the face of your religion [din], just as you look in the mirror to check the appearance of your outer face, your turban and your hair. Be sensible! What is this crazy foolishness? You say, "I don't need anyone to teach me," and yet the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam has said: The believer is the believer's mirror [al-mu'minu mir'atu 'l-mu'min].
When the believer's faith is sound, he comes to be a mirror for all creatures. They behold their religious faces [wujuh adyanihim] reflected in the mirror of his speech, every time they see him and get close to him. What is this craziness? Not a moment goes by without your begging Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He) to provide you with more than you already have to eat, to drink, and to wear, with more sexual opportunities and more income. These are not things that could increase or decrease, even if you were to be joined in your plea by every supplicant whose prayers are answered [da 'in mujab].
Supplication [da 'wa] will neither increase one's sustenance by so much as an atom, nor reduce it by an atom. This is a foregone conclusion [mafrugh minhu]. You must devote your attention to doing what you have been commanded to do, and to avoiding what you have been forbidden to do. You should not worry about that which is bound to come your way, because He guarantees that it will come to you. Allotted shares [aqsam] arrive at their appointed times, whether they be sweet or bitter, whether you like them or dislike them.
The people [of the Way] attain to a condition in which they no longer have any prayer of supplication [du'a] or request [su'al] to make. They do not beg [in their prayers] to gain advantages, nor to get rid of disadvantages. Their supplication comes to be a matter concerning their hearts, sometimes for their own sake and sometimes for the sake of all creatures, so they utter the prayer of supplication without conscious premeditation [fi ghaiba].
"O '' Allah, endow us with good behaviour in Your company under all circumstances!
[When the believer's faith is sound], fasting [sawm], prayer [salat], remembrance [dhikr] and all acts of obedience [ta 'at] become second nature to him, mingled with his flesh and blood. Then he receives protection from Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He) under all circumstances. The restraint of the law [hukm] does not desert him, not for an instant, while he is on this course. The law comes to be like the vessel in which he sits, as he travels over the ocean of the power [qudra] of his Lord (Almighty and Glorious is He). He goes on traveling over it until he arrives at the shore of the hereafter, at the shore of the ocean of grace and the hand of nearness. Thus he is sometimes in the company of creatures and at certain times in the company of the Creator. His work and toil are with creatures, while his relaxation is with the Creator.
From Shaykh 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani, "The Sublime Revelation (Al-Fath ar-Rabbani)," translated by Muhtar Holland (Al-Baz Publishing, Houston, 1992), p. 426-8.
Whosoever shows enmity to someone devoted to Me, I shall be at war with him. My servant draws not near to Me with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have enjoined upon him, and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works so that I shall love him. When I love him I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him, and were he to ask Me for refuge, I would surely grant him it. I do not hesitate about anything as much as I hesitate about [seizing] the soul of My faithful servant: he hates death and I hate hurting him. (It was related by al-Bukhari)
“Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.”
Sunday, April 27, 2008
An Appreciation by Siddiq Osman Noormuhammad
Ratib al-Haddad is a Zikr (additional voluntary invocation) to be recited every night after Magrib or Salât al-'Ishâ. It is a collection of Surahs and verses from the Holy Qur'an Kareem as well as the Kalimaat (declarations of belief), Tasbeehaat (praise of Allah Ta'ala) and Duas (invocations) which the beloved Prophet Muhammad Mustafa Sallallahu alaihi as Sallam recommended in his blessed sayings or Hadith Shareef.
Mawlana al-Haddad, Rady Allahu Anhu has rendered a great service to Muslims in compiling all these in one small Kitab called Ratib-ush-Shahir, popularly know as Ratib-al-Haddad. And being mindful of the blessed Prophet's Sunnah of not over-burdening the Muslims, he has put together just the most basic supplications which take at most 15 minutes to recite.
This is the Wird that the Mureedeen (disciples) receive as Wazifa from their Shaykh when initiated into Tariqah (spiritual path leading to Allah Sub'hanahu wa Ta'ala). The spiritual rewards of its daily recitation are immense. If someone is seeking Maghfira (salvation and permanent forgiveness) from Allah, the Glorified and the Exalted, he can be recommended to recite this Zikr. If your Shaykh has put you under the canopy of Mawlana al-Haddad, Rady Allahu Anhu, you are directly linked to his ancestor, Muhammad-ur-Rasulullah, Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam.
It starts with Surah al-Fateha, Ayatul Kursi and the last two verses of Surah al-Baqara. Then follow various Kalimaat, Tasbeehaat, Dua, and Salawaat, each to be recited a specific number of times.
Laa Ilaha Illallahu
Wahdahu Laa Sharika Lahu
Lahul Mulku wa Lahul Hamdu
Yuhyi wa Yumitu
wa Huwa 'Alaa Kulli Shay'in Qadeer
There is no one worthy of worship but Allah,
He is One, He has no Partner,
His is the Kingdom, and His is the Praise,
He gives life and causes death,
and He has power over all things.
[This is to be recited three times]
Sub'han-Allah wal Haamdu Lillah
walaa ilaaha Illallahu Wallahu Akbar
Glory is for Allah, and all praise is due to Allah, and there is no one worthy of worship but Allah, and Allah is Most Great.
[This is to be recited three times]
Sub'han Allahi wa bi-Hamdihi
Glory be to Allah
as He Himself Glorifies and Praises Himself;
Glory be to Allah, the Exalted
[This is to be recited three times]
Rabbanaghfir lana wa tub 'alayna
O our Lord forgive us and relent towards us;
Truly, You are the Forgiver, the Merciful
[This is to be recited three times]
Allahumma Salli 'alaa Sayyidina Muhammad
Allahumma Salli 'alayhi wa Sallim
O Allah, send blessings on Sayyidina Muhammad;
O Allah send blessings and peace on him.
[This is to be recited 3 times and so on]
There are more than a dozen such Kalimaat, Tasbihaat and Dua to be recited various number of times among which is Tahlil (or the Kalima Tayyiba: Laa Ilaaha Illallah) to be recited from 50 to 1000 times; it is normal practice to recite it 100 times. After this, Surah Ikhlas is recited 3 times and Surah al-Falaq and Surah An-Naas once each.
This is followed by Fateha for Rasulullah Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam; for Sayyidina al-Faqih al-Muqaddam Muhammad ibn Ali Ba-Alawi, Rady Allahu Anhu, the Qutb and Gauth in Tariqatul Alawiyya; for all the Sufi Mashaaikh (spiritual masters); for Qutb-ul-Irshad Sayyiduna al-Habib Abdallah bin Alawi al-Haddad, Rady Allahu Anhu, the compiler of the Ratib; for our parents, our Mashaaikh and all Muslims, men and women.
Ratib al-Haddad ends with the following resounding dua:
Allahumma Innaa Nas'aluka
wa na'uzu bika min sakhatika wannaar
O Allah we ask of You
Your Good Pleasure and paradise,
and seek Your protection from Your displeasure and the calamity of hell-fire.
[This is to be recited 3 times.]
Ratib al-Haddad is universally popular: you see devotees reciting it in the Haramain in Makkah and Madinah, as well as in Jeddah, Mombasa, Singapore, London and Toronto; indeed all over the world. Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi starts his biography of Mawlana al-Haddad Rady Allahu Anhu by expounding on Ratib al-Haddad. In fact, we find that the duas in Ratib al-Haddad are the very same duas we pray when doing the Tawaf of the Ka'ba except for the special duas recited at each of the four corners of the Ka'ba and at Hajr al-Aswad. So Ratib al-Haddad can be prayed while doing Tawaf.
With more and more disciples reciting Ratib al-Haddad, many Ulama (scholars) and Mashaaikh (spiritual masters) have decided to include it in their kitabs so that it becomes generally available. Even kitabs of Mawlid of Rasulullah Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam inevitably include Ratib al-Haddad. Some of the kitabs which contain the Ratib are:
1. Waseelatul 'Ibaad Ilaa Zaadil Ma'aad, Majmu' Awraad wa Da'waat Wa Salawaat Li'l Imam Shaykh al-Islam Abdallah bin 'Alawi al-Haddad, published by Maktaba Isha'ah Al-Islam, Delhi.
2. Mukhul 'Ibada Li Ahl-is-Suluk wal Irada, compiled by al-Habib as-Sayyid 'Abdallah bin Mustafa bin Hasan al-'Aydarus.
3. Manba 'al Wurraad Fil Azkaar wal Awraad, compiled by Muhyiddeen bin Abdul Rahman bin Muhammad Zanzibari, published in Cairo.
4. Khulasa Shawaariqul Anwaar Min Ad'iyati-s-Saadatil Akhyaar, compiled by As-Sayyid Muhammad Bin Alawi al-Maliki al-Hasani.
5. Mawlidi Sharaf al-An'aam, published by Sulayman Mar'ee, Singapore.
6. Majmua Mushtamilah, of Shaykh Abdulrahman bin Ahmad al-Zayla'iyy, published by Maktabatul Jundi, Cairo.
7. Ratib al-Haddad, printed separately. Biqalam: Sa'eed ibn Shaykh Ali Sa'eed al-Adni, published by Haji Mohamed and Sons, Mombasa.
May Allah Sub'hanahu wa Ta'ala give us the hidaya (guidance) to recite Ratib al-Haddad on a daily basis and may he make it a means for our salvation, Aameen, Yaa Rabbal Aalameen.
1417 / 1997